FIGHTING PLANT ENEMIES.advertisement
FIGHTING PLANT ENEMIES.
The devices and implements used for preventing plant enemies are of two kinds:
(1) those used to afford mechanical protection to the plants;
(2) those used to apply pesticides and fungicides.
Of the first the most useful is the coated frame. It consists normally of a picket box, some eighteen inches to two feet sq. and about eight excessive, coated with glass, defending fabric, mosquito netting or mosquito wire. The primary two coverings have, of course, the extra benefit of retaining warmth and defending from cold, making it doable by their use to plant earlier than is in any other case safe. They are used extensively in getting an extra early and secure begin with cucumbers, melons and the opposite vine vegetables.
Simpler gadgets for protecting newly-set vegetation, comparable to tomatoes or cabbage, from the reduce-worm, are stiff, tin, cardboard or tar paper collars, which are made several inches excessive and large enough to be put across the stem and penetrate an inch or so into the soil.
For applying poison powders, the home gardener ought to supply himself with a powder gun. If one should be restricted to a single implement, nonetheless, it will be greatest to get one of the hand-power, compressed-air sprayers. These are used for making use of moist sprays, and should be equipped with one of many several types of mist-making nozzles, the non-cloggable computerized kind being the best. For more in depth work a barrel pump, mounted on wheels, will be desirable, however one of the above will do an excessive amount of work in little time. Extension rods to be used in spraying trees and vines may be obtained for either. For operations on a really small scale a superb hand-syringe may be used, but as a common factor it will be greatest to invest a number of dollars extra and get a small tank sprayer, as this throws a continuous stream or spray and holds a a lot bigger amount of the spraying solution. No matter sort is procured, get a brass machine it should out-wear three or 4 of these fabricated from cheaper metallic, which succumbs very quickly to the, corroding action of the strong poisons and chemicals utilized in them.
Of implements for harvesting, beside the spade, prong-hoe and spading- fork, only a few are used in the small garden, as most of them needn’t only long rows to be economically used, but horse- power also. The onion harvester attachment for the double wheel hoe, may be used with advantage in loosening onions, beets, turnips, etc., from the soil or for reducing spinach. Working the hand- plow shut on both aspect of carrots, parsnips and different deep-growing vegetables will help materially in getting them out. For fruit choosing, with tall timber, the wire-fingered fruit-picker, secured to the end of an extended deal with, might be of nice assistance, but with the modern technique of utilizing low-headed bushes it is not going to be needed.
Another class of backyard implements are those used in pruning however where this is attended to properly from the beginning, a very good sharp jack-knife and a pair of pruning shears will easily deal with all of the work of the sort necessary.
Nonetheless another type of backyard machine is that used for supporting the crops; equivalent to stakes, trellises, wires, etc. Altogether too little consideration often is given these, as with correct care in storing over winter they will not solely final for years, however add tremendously to the convenience of cultivation and to the neat look of the garden.
As a final word to the intending purchaser of garden tools, I would say: first completely investigate the different types available, and when buying, don’t forget that a good tool or a nicely-made machine shall be providing you with passable use long, lengthy after the value is forgotten, while a poor one is a constant supply of discomfort. Get good instruments, and take excellent care of them. And let me repeat that a few dollars a 12 months, judiciously spent, for instruments afterward properly cared for, will soon give you a very full set, and add to your garden revenue and pleasure.