REQUISITES OF THE HOME VEGETABLE GARDEN.advertisement
REQUISITES OF THE HOME VEGETABLE GARDEN.
In deciding upon the site for the house vegetable garden it’s properly to dispose as soon as and for all the old concept that the garden “patch” should be an unsightly spot in the residence surroundings. If thoughtfully planned, fastidiously planted and thoroughly cared for, it might be made a ravishing and harmonious feature of the overall scheme, lending a contact of snug homeliness that no shrubs, borders, or beds can ever produce.
With this truth in thoughts we is not going to really feel restricted to any a part of the premises merely as a result of it is out of sight behind the barn or garage. Within the common reasonable-sized place there will not be a lot selection as to land. It will likely be necessary to take what’s to be had and then do the very best that may be carried out with it. But there will most likely be a good deal of choice as to, first, publicity, and second, convenience. Different issues being equal, select a spot near at hand, easy of access. It might appear that a distinction of only some hundred yards will mean nothing, but when one is depending largely upon spare moments for working in and for watching the backyard and within the growing of many vegetables the latter is nearly as necessary as the previous this matter of handy entry will likely be of a lot better significance than is more likely to be at first recognized. Not till you’ve needed to make a dozen time-wasting journeys for forgotten seeds or instruments, or gotten your feet soaking moist by going out by means of the dew-drenched grass, will you notice absolutely what this may increasingly mean.
But the factor of first significance to consider in selecting out the spot that’s to yield you happiness and delicious vegetables all summer time, or even for many years, is the exposure. Select the “earliest” spot you will discover a plot sloping somewhat to the south or east, that seems to catch sunshine early and hold it late, and that seems to be out of the direct path of the chilling north and northeast winds. If a building, and even an old fence, protects it from this course, your backyard will likely be helped alongside wonderfully, for an early begin is a superb large issue towards success. If it is not already protected, a board fence, or a hedge of some low-growing shrubs or young evergreens, will add very drastically to its usefulness. The importance of getting such a protection or shelter is altogether underestimated by the amateur.
The chances are that you will not discover a spot of ideally suited backyard soil prepared for use wherever upon your place. But all except the very worst of soils may be brought up to a really high diploma of productiveness particularly such small areas as home vegetable gardens require. Massive tracts of soil which can be almost pure sand, and others so heavy and mucky that for hundreds of years they lay uncultivated, have continuously been introduced, in the midst of only a few years, to the place they yield annually large crops on a industrial basis. So do not be discouraged about your soil. Correct treatment of it’s much more important, and a garden- patch of average run-down, or “never-brought-up” soil will produce way more for the energetic and careful gardener than the richest spot will grow beneath average methods of cultivation.
The best garden soil is a “rich, sandy loam.” And the very fact can’t be overemphasized that such soils normally are made, not found. Let us analyze that description a bit, for right here we come to the primary of the four all-necessary components of gardening food. The others are cultivation, moisture and temperature. “Wealthy” in the gardener’s vocabulary means filled with plant meals; more than that and this is a point of important significance it means full of plant meals prepared to be used at once, all ready and unfold out on the backyard table, or slightly in it, where growing issues can without delay make use of it; or what we time period, in one word, “accessible” plant food. Virtually no soils in lengthy- inhabited communities remain naturally rich enough to produce big crops. They’re made rich, or kept wealthy, in two methods; first, by cultivation, which helps to change the raw plant meals stored within the soil into available forms; and second, by manuring or adding plant meals to the soil from outdoors sources.
“Sandy” in the sense here used, means a soil containing enough particles of sand in order that water will go through it with out leaving it pasty and sticky just a few days after a rain; “light” sufficient, as it is called, so that a handful, under atypical conditions, will crumble and disintegrate readily after being pressed within the hand. It isn’t crucial that the soil be sandy in look, nevertheless it needs to be friable.
“Loam: a wealthy, friable soil,” says Webster. That hardly covers it, nevertheless it does describe it. It is soil by which the sand and clay are in correct proportions, so that neither vastly predominate, and usually dark in color, from cultivation and enrichment. Such a soil, even to the untrained eye, just naturally appears to be like as if it would grow things. It’s exceptional how rapidly the entire bodily look of a piece of effectively cultivated floor will change. An occasion got here underneath my discover last fall in one in all my fields, where a strip containing an acre had been two years in onions, and a bit of piece jutting off from the center of this had been prepared for them only one season. The rest had not acquired any additional manuring or cultivation. When the sector was plowed up in the fall, all three sections were as distinctly noticeable as though separated by a fence. And I do know that subsequent spring’s crop of rye, before it’s plowed underneath, will present the strains of demarcation simply as plainly.